Is Iran Bigger Than Iraq?

Image of Iran and Iraq

When it comes to comparing countries, size and population are often key factors. In this blog post, we will delve into the statistics of two significant countries in the Middle East. Iran and Iraq. We will explore their respective sizes, populations, and population densities to gain a better understanding of these nations.

Is Iran Bigger Than Iraq

Yes, Iran is Bigger than Iraq. Iran has a growing population of 87,590,873 inhabitants while Iraq houses some 45,504,560 peopleRegarding size, Iran has a land area of about 407,277,854.207 acres, while Iraq has a land area of 108,310,489.5 acresThe population density of both cities is quite different as Iraq is more densely populated with 82.7 per km2 while Iran is 48 per km2.


Iran vs Iraq population bar chart

Iran: The population of Iran, as of the latest available data, stands at an impressive 87,590,873 people. It’s worth noting that Iran is one of the most populous countries in the Middle East. It ranks 18th globally in terms of population.

Iraq: In contrast, Iraq has a population of 45,504,560. While it is a substantial number, it is evident that Iran surpasses Iraq in terms of population by a significant margin.


Iran vs Iraq Land Area bar chart

Iran: When we examine the land area of Iran, we find it to be a vast expanse, covering 407,277,854.207 acres. Iran’s land area is quite extensive and ranks it as the 17th largest country globally.

Iraq: On the other hand, Iraq covers a considerably smaller land area of 108,310,489.5 acres. In terms of size, Iran is undoubtedly bigger than Iraq.

Population Density

StateArea (acres)PopulationPopulation Density (KM2)

Now that we’ve looked at the population and size of both countries, let’s discuss population density, which provides a unique perspective on the living conditions in these nations.

Iran: With a land area as vast as Iran’s, it has a population density of 48 people per square kilometer. This lower population density is indicative of the country’s ability to provide relatively more spacious living conditions for its residents.

Iraq: Iraq, on the other hand, has a higher population density of 82.7 people per square kilometer, which is notably denser compared to Iran. This higher population density can impact factors like urban development and the availability of resources.

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What is Different About Iran and Iraq?

When it comes to understanding the diverse and complex Middle East, two prominent nations often come to the forefront: Iran and Iraq. While they share a geographical region and a rich history, they are distinct in various aspects, from culture and politics to demographics and geography. In this article, we will delve into what sets Iran and Iraq apart, providing a comprehensive analysis of their differences.

Demographics and Population

Iran: Iran boasts a population of over 87 million, making it one of the most populous countries in the Middle East and the 18th most populous in the world. Iranians are ethnically diverse, primarily of Persian descent, and the official language is Persian.

Iraq: Iraq’s population is substantial, with over 45 million people. Ethnic diversity is a hallmark of Iraq, with Arab and Kurdish populations being the most significant. Arabic and Kurdish are the primary languages spoken.

Geography and Size

Iran: Geographically, Iran is expansive, covering approximately 1,648,195 square kilometers. This makes it the 17th largest country globally. Iran’s diverse landscape includes deserts, mountains, and a lengthy coastline along the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea.

Iraq: In contrast, Iraq covers a smaller land area of approximately 437,072 square kilometers. Its geography includes fertile plains as well as the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, known as the cradle of civilization.

Political Structure

Iran: Iran operates as an Islamic Republic with a theocratic system of government. The Supreme Leader holds significant power, and the country’s political landscape is influenced by a mix of religious and political institutions.

Iraq: Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic. It has undergone significant political changes since the early 2000s, with a multi-party system and a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

Economic Structure

Iran: Iran’s economy is diverse, with a significant portion driven by oil and gas exports. Sanctions have also played a role in shaping its economic landscape, with various sectors experiencing both challenges and opportunities.

Iraq: Like Iran, Iraq is oil-rich and relies heavily on oil exports for its revenue. However, it faces the challenges of post-conflict reconstruction and instability in some regions.

Cultural and Historical Influences

Both Iran and Iraq have deep-rooted histories and have been influenced by different cultures and civilizations over the millennia. Iran’s Persian heritage is a significant influence, while Iraq’s history is marked by its Mesopotamian roots.

Language and Religion

As mentioned earlier, the primary languages in Iran are Persian and Arabic, while Iraq’s linguistic landscape is more diverse, with Arabic and Kurdish being prominent. In terms of religion, Iran is predominantly Shia Muslim, while Iraq has a Shia majority but also a significant Sunni minority.

Regional and Global Relations

Iran and Iraq maintain distinct foreign policies and have varying relationships with other nations in the region and the world. Iran’s foreign policy often aligns with Shia interests, while Iraq seeks to balance relationships with multiple regional and global powers.

Iran and Iraq are two neighboring nations with shared histories and geographic proximity, but they diverge significantly in terms of demographics, geography, politics, economy, culture, and more. These differences make each country a unique entity in the Middle East, and understanding these distinctions is crucial for comprehending the region’s complexity and diversity.

As geopolitical dynamics continue to evolve, the disparities between Iran and Iraq will continue to shape their trajectories and their role in the broader context of the Middle East.

Understanding these distinctions helps us appreciate the multifaceted nature of the Middle East and its intricate tapestry of nations, each with its unique identity and challenges.

In conclusion, when comparing Iran and Iraq, it becomes evident that Iran is both bigger in terms of land area and more populous. With a significantly larger landmass and a population nearly twice the size of Iraq, Iran stands as a substantial presence in the Middle East.

Population density, while not the sole determinant of a country’s quality of life, also reveals important insights. Iran, with its lower population density, provides a less crowded living environment, while Iraq’s higher population density implies a greater strain on resources and infrastructure.

The statistics presented here serve as a starting point for understanding these two countries. But it’s important to remember that there are many other factors. Some of which include culture, history, and economy, that contribute to the unique identities of Iran and Iraq. These nuances are essential for a comprehensive understanding of any nation.

In the end, while Iran may be bigger than Iraq in terms of size and population, the true essence of a country can only be fully appreciated by delving into the multifaceted aspects of its society and history.

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